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WORLD TELEVISION SIGNAL GUIDE


The table below lists broadcast standards by country.

There are three main television standards used throughout the world.

NTSC - National Television Standards Committee

Developed in the US and first used in 1954, NTSC is the oldest existing broadcast standard. It consists of 525 horizontal lines of display and 60 vertical lines. Only one type exists, known as NTSC M. It is sometimes irreverently referred to as "Never Twice the Same Color."

SECAM - Système Électronique pour Couleur avec Mèmoire.

Developed in France and first used in 1967. It uses a 625-line vertical, 50-line horizontal display. Different types use different video bandwidth and audio carrier specifications. Types B and D are usually used for VHF. Types G, H, and K are used for UHF. Types I, N, M, K1 and L are used for both VHF and UHF. These different types are generally not compatible with one another. SECAM is sometimes irreverently referred to as "Something Essentially Contrary to the American Method" or "SEcond Color Always Magenta."

PAL - Phase Alternating Line

Developed in Germany and first used in 1967. A variant of NTSC, PAL uses a 625/50-line display. Different types use different video bandwidth and audio carrier specifications. Common types are B, G, and H. Less common types include D, I, K, N, and M. These different types are generally not compatible with one another. Proponents of PAL irreverently call it "Perfection At Last," while critics of its enormous circuit complexity call it "Pay A Lot" or "Picture Always Lousy."


Television Standards by Country

Country Signal Type
Afghanistan PAL B, SECAM B
Albania PAL B/G
Algeria PAL B/G
Angola PAL I
Antarctica NTSC M
Antigua & Barbuda NTSC M
Argentina PAL N
Armenia SECAM D/K
Aruba NTSC M
Australia PAL B/G
Austria PAL B/G
Azerbaijan SECAM D/K
Azores PAL B
Bahamas NTSC M
Bahrain PAL B/G
Bangladesh PAL B
Barbados NTSC M
Belarus SECAM D/K
Belgium PAL B/H
Belgium (Armed Forces Network) NTSC M
Belize NTSC M
Benin SECAM K
Bermuda NTSC M
Bolivia NTSC M
Bosnia/Herzegovina PAL B/H
Botswana SECAM K, PAL I
Brazil PAL M
British Indian Ocean Territory  NTSC M
Brunei Darussalam PAL B
Bulgaria PAL
Burkina Faso SECAM K
Burundi SECAM K
Cambodia PAL B/G, NTSC M
Cameroon PAL B/G
Canada NTSC M
Canary Islands PAL B/G
Central African Republic SECAM K
Chad SECAM D
Chile NTSC M
China (People'S Republic) PAL D
Colombia NTSC M
Congo (People'S Republic) SECAM K
Congo, Dem. Rep. (Zaire) SECAM K
Cook Islands PAL B
Costa Rica NTSC M
Cote D'Ivoire (Ivory Coast) SECAM K/D
Croatia PAL B/H
Cuba NTSC M
Cyprus PAL B/G
Czech Republic PAL B/G (cable), PAL D/K (broadcast)
Denmark PAL B/G
Diego Garcia NTSC M
Djibouti SECAM K
Dominica NTSC M
Dominican Republic NTSC M
East Timor PAL B
Easter Island PAL B
Ecuador NTSC M
Egypt PAL B/G, SECAM B/G
El Salvador NTSC M
Equitorial Guinea SECAM B
Estonia PAL B/G
Ethiopia PAL B
Falkland Islands (Las Malvinas) PAL I
Fiji NTSC M
Finland PAL B/G
France SECAM L
France (French Forces Tv) SECAM G
Gabon SECAM K
Galapagos Islands NTSC M
Gambia PAL B
Georgia SECAM D/K
Germany PAL B/G
Germany (Armed Forces Tv Germany) NTSC M
Ghana PAL B/G
Gibraltar PAL B/G
Greece PAL B/G
Greenland PAL B
Grenada NTSC M
Guam NTSC M
Guadeloupe SECAM K
Guatemala NTSC M
Guiana (French) SECAM K
Guinea PAL K
Guyana NTSC M
Haiti SECAM
Honduras NTSC M
Hong Kong PAL I
Hungary PAL K/K
Iceland PAL B/G
India PAL B
Indonesia PAL B
Iran PAL B/G
Iraq PAL
Ireland, Republic Of PAL I
Isle Of Man  PAL
Israel PAL B/G
Italy PAL B/G
Jamaica NTSC M
Japan NTSC M
Johnstone Island NTSC M
Jordan PAL B/G
Kazakhstan SECAM D/K
Kenya PAL B/G
Korea (North) SECAM D, PAL D/K
Korea (South) NTSC M
Kuwait PAL B/G
Kyrgyz Republic SECAM D/K
Laos PAL B
Latvia PAL B/G
Lebanon PAL B/G
Lesotho PAL K
Liberia PAL B/H
Libya PAL B/G
Liechtenstein PAL B/G
Lithuania PAL B/G, SECAM D/K
Luxembourg PAL B/G, SECAM L
Macau PAL I
Macedonia PAL B/H
Madagascar SECAM K
Madeira PAL B
Malaysia PAL B
Maldives PAL B
Mali SECAM K
Malta PAL B
Marshall Islands NTSC M
Martinique SECAM K
Mauritania SECAM B
Mauritius SECAM B
Mayotte SECAM K
Mexico NTSC M
Micronesia NTSC M
Midway Island NTSC M
Moldova (Moldavia) SECAM D/K
Monaco SECAM L, PAL G
Mongolia SECAM D
Montenegro PAL B/G
Montserrat NTSC M
Morocco SECAM B
Mozambique PAL B
Myanmar (Burma) NTSC M
Namibia PAL I
Nepal B
Netherlands PAL B/G
Netherlands (Armed Forces Network) NTSC M
Netherlands Antilles NTSC M
New Caledonia SECAM K
New Zealand PAL B/G
Nicaragua NTSC M
Niger SECAM K
Nigeria PAL B/G
Norfolk Island PAL B
North Mariana Islands NTSC M
Norway PAL B/G
Oman PAL B/G
Pakistan PAL B
Palau NTSC M
Panama NTSC M
Papua New Guinea PAL B/G
Paraguay PAL N
Peru NTSC M
Philippines NTSC M
Poland PAL D/K
Polynesia (French) SECAM K
Portugal PAL B/G
Puerto Rico NTSC M
Qatar PAL B
Reunion SECAM K
Romania PAL D/G
Russia SECAM D/K
St. Kitts & Nevis NTSC M
St. Lucia NTSC M
St. Pierre Et Miquelon SECAM K
St. Vincent NTSC M
Sao Tomé E Principe PAL B/G
Samoa, American NTSC
Saudi Arabia SECAM B/G, PAL B
Samoa NTSC M
Senegal SECAM K
Serbia PAL B/G
Seychelles PAL B/G
Sierra Leone PAL B/G
Singapore PAL B/G
Slovakia PAL B/G
Slovenia PAL B/H
Somalia PAL B/G
South Africa PAL I
Spain PAL B/G
Sri Lanka PAL
Sudan PAL B
Suriname NTSC M
Swaziland PAL B/G
Sweden PAL B/G
Switzerland PAL B/G (GERMAN ZONE, SECAM L (FRENCH ZONE
Syria SECAM B, PAL G
Tahiti SECAM
Taiwan NTSC
Tajikistan SECAM D/K
Tanzania PAL B
Thailand PAL B/M
Togo SECAM K
Trinidad & Tobago NTSC M
Tunisia SECAM B/G
Turkey PAL B
Turkmenistan SECAM D/K
Turks & Caicos Islands NTSC M
Uganda PAL B/G
Ukraine SECAM D/K
Uruguay PAL N
United Arab Emirates PAL B/G
United States NTSC M
United Kingdom PAL I
Uzbekistan SECAM D/K
Venezuela NTSC M
Vietnam NTSC M, SECAM D
Virgin Islands (Us & British) NTSC M
Wallis & Futuna SECAM K
Yemen PAL B/NTSC M
Zambia PAL B/G
Zimbabwe PAL B/G

If you would like more information on international video and television standards, the excellent site at http://www.ee.surrey. ac.uk/Contrib/WorldTV/ is highly recommended.




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